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Medicinal Chemistry

A Brief Summary of Inhalational Anaesthetics

If you’ve ever needed a tooth out, or had surgery of any kind, chances are you’ll have experienced use of an inhalational anaesthetic. All of the compounds shown above can induce general anaesthesia, and a range have been utilised since the initial discovery of nitrous oxide in the mid-1800s. Often, intravenous drugs will be used for induction […]

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Medicinal Chemistry

A Brief Guide to Common Painkillers

Following on from the previous post on antibiotics, it seemed logical to also take a look at the drugs we take to relieve pain. Painkilling drugs, or analgesics, come in a number of forms, but fall broadly into two main classes: non-steroid anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and opioids. This graphic takes a look at a selection […]

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Medicinal Chemistry

A Brief Overview of Classes of Antibiotics

When we’re suffering from a bacterial infection, a trip to the doctors to be prescribed antibiotics is commonplace. However, there are a wide range of antibiotics available, and they vary both in their usage and their mechanism of action. This graphic summarises the major classes, and also gives a brief insight into the manner in which they […]

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Medicinal Chemistry

The Chemistry of Hay Fever – How Do Hay Fever Medications Work?

With the arrival of summer comes a rather less welcome arrival – that of seasonal allergic rhinitis, more commonly known as hay fever. In the UK, an estimated 10-15% of the population are affected, a¬†figure that is also on the rise. Despite¬†the pollens of trees, grasses and weeds being the origin of hay fever, it’s […]