Today the 2016 Nobel Prize in Chemistry was awarded to Jean-Pierre Sauvage, Sir Fraser Stoddart, and Bernard Feringa for their work on the design and production of molecular machines with controllable movements. This graphic summarise the work that the prize was awarded for; for more detail, you can also head to the Nobel Prize committee’s own explanation.
You can also find an excellent article on what molecular machines are and how they work from Education in Chemistry here. This is still very much a developing research area as well, as evidenced by the recent Chemunicate graphic focusing in on a molecular machine produced by Prof. David Leigh’s research group.
I’ve been making summary graphics for the other science Nobel Prizes too – you can see the lot and download free PDFs of each here.