In the history of the Nobel Prize, only one person has won a prize in two different sciences. That person was Marie Skłodowska Curie, born on 7th November 1867.
Born in Poland, she carried out her research in France and developed the theory of radioactivity. She also discovered two elements, polonium and radium. She was the first person to win a Nobel Prize twice and is still the only woman to do so.
Radiation exposure contributed to her death from aplastic anaemia at the age of 66. Even in death, she was still setting firsts: she became the first woman to be entombed in the Panthéon in Paris on her own merits.