The 2019 Nobel Prize in Physics was awarded to John B. Goodenough, M. Stanley Whittingham and Akira Yoshino for their contributions to the development of the lithium-ion battery.
There are also several other graphics relating to lithium-ion graphics on the site here. Check out this one on why some lithium-ion batteries exploded a few years back, and this one on the work being done to improve them further.
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